Justice is a concept that encompasses fairness, equity, and the upholding of moral principles in society. It involves the impartial treatment of individuals and the distribution of resources, opportunities, and consequences based on ethical standards. The pursuit of justice aims to create a harmonious and equitable society where individuals are treated with dignity and their rights are protected. Various philosophical and legal frameworks exist to define and understand justice, and it plays a fundamental role in shaping laws, social institutions, and moral decision-making.


Justice is the principle of treating individuals and groups fairly and equitably, based on moral, legal, and social standards. It is crucial for the functioning of a just society as it ensures that individuals receive equal treatment, access to opportunities, and protection of their rights. Justice fosters social cohesion, trust, and a sense of security among people. It also provides a framework for resolving conflicts, maintaining order, and addressing societal issues. Without justice, there is a risk of inequality, oppression, and a breakdown of social order.
Various types of justice exist, including distributive justice, procedural justice, and retributive justice.

Distributive justice refers to the fair distribution of resources, benefits, and burdens in society. It aims to address economic and social inequalities and ensure a more equitable society.

Procedural justice focuses on the fairness and transparency of the processes used to determine outcomes. It emphasises fair procedures, impartial decision-making, and giving individuals a voice in legal and administrative proceedings.

Retributive justice involves the punishment or consequences for wrongdoing. It seeks to restore balance and harmony by imposing penalties or reparations that are proportionate to the harm caused.