Occupational stress

Occupational stress is a type of stress that arises from the demands and pressures of work. It can result from a variety of factors, including a high workload, long hours, low job control, and poor relationships with coworkers or supervisors.

While some degree of stress is normal in the workplace, excessive or prolonged stress can have negative effects on both physical and mental health. It has been associated with a wide range of health problems, including heart disease, hypertension, gastrointestinal problems, and depression.

Effective management of occupational stress involves both individual and organisational strategies. Individual strategies may include stress-management techniques such as exercise, meditation, and relaxation, as well as seeking social support from coworkers and friends. Organisational strategies may include improving job control, reducing workload, and creating a positive work environment.

Preventing occupational stress is also an important goal and can involve a variety of strategies, such as job redesign, work-life balance initiatives, and training and education for employees and supervisors.

In addition to the negative effects on health, occupational stress can also have economic consequences such as increased absenteeism, decreased productivity, and higher healthcare costs. Therefore, it is in the best interest of both employers and employees to take steps to manage and prevent occupational stress.

Occupational stress